Wind Energy Facilities
Wind energy facilities in Victoria require a planning permit. This page provides information about changes to the planning controls, the current guidelines, model planning permit conditions and other relevant information.
- Amendment VC126
- Amendment VC107
- Amendment VC125
- Amendment VC124
- Policy and planning guidelines
- Planning permit conditions
- Wind energy projects in Victoria
- More information
Amendment VC126 was gazetted on 28 January 2016. The amendment reduces the time required to decide an application to make changes to approved wind energy facilities; aligns the processes and time required to amend permits issued for wind energy facilities and clarifies that the location of a wind turbine is measured from the centre of its tower at ground level; makes minor corrections to Clause 52.32; updates the reference to the Guidelines and deletes reference to the outdated Renewable Energy Action Plan 2006.
Amendment VC107 was gazetted on 26 November 2015. The amendment removes reference to the transmission or distribution systems of power lines from the 'Wind energy facility' definition and clarifies that the Minister for Planning is the responsible authority for the transmission or distribution of power lines associated with a wind energy facility if they require a planning permit under the planning scheme.
Amendment VC125 was gazetted on 11 June 2015. The amendment changes the definition of 'Wind energy facility' in the Victoria Planning Provisions and all planning schemes in Victoria so that it includes the use of land to transmit or distribute the electricity generated, specifically to connect the wind energy facility to the electricity network.
Amendment VC124 was gazetted on 2 April 2015. The amendment changes the Victoria Planning Provisions and all planning schemes in Victoria to implement the government's policy on wind energy facilities.
The amendment reduces the allowable distance of a turbine to a dwelling from two kilometres to one kilometre with the landowner's consent, and makes the Minister for Planning the responsible authority for all new wind farm planning permit applications for the use and development of a wind energy facility.
Advisory Note 61 provides information about the changes made by Amendment VC124.
- Advisory Note 61: Amendment VC124 - Changes to wind energy facility provisions, April 2015 (PDF 265.5 KB) or accessible Word version (DOC 88.0 KB)
Policy and planning guidelines
The Policy and planning guidelines for development of wind energy facilities in Victoria have been updated to include the changes introduced by Amendment VC124 namely the one kilometre turbine to dwelling distance and the transfer of responsibility status to the Minister for Planning and Amendment VC125.
The updated guidelines also include updated State and Commonwealth department names and information relating to applications to amend a planning permit and planning permit administration and enforcement.
- Policy and planning guidelines for development of wind energy facilities in Victoria, November 2015 (PDF, 869.3 KB, 60 pp.) or accessible Word version (DOC, 276.5 KB, 40 pp.)
Planning permit conditions
Model planning permit conditions for wind energy facilities have been developed to assist all parties involved in permit applications for wind energy facilities. They are provided in Appendix B of the Policy and planning guidelines for wind energy facilities in Victoria, April 2015.
The conditions are for guidance only and should be adapted depending on the individual circumstance of each wind energy proposal.
Information relevant to native vegetation requirements can be found at Native vegetation and planning permits
Wind energy projects in Victoria
A summary of current and proposed wind energy projects in Victoria can be found at Wind Projects in Victoria.
Information is provided below about calculating the greenhouse benefits of wind energy development and other helpful links and sources of information.
A guide to calculating greenhouse benefits of wind energy facility proposals.
- Greenhouse benefits, April 2015 (PDF, 133.6 KB, 2 pp.) or accessible Word version (DOC, 31.5 KB, 1 p.)
Relevant Victorian government departments and agencies
Department of Environment, Land, Water and Planning:
- Department of Economic Development, Jobs, Transport and Resources includes responsibility for agriculture, energy, resources, economic development, employment and innovation.
- Sustainability Victoria: is an agency of the Victorian Government, established to accelerate sustainable resource supply and use across the Victorian economy. Their website includes information on a range of sustainability measures including wind and renewable energy.
- Aboriginal Affairs Victoria: administers legislation that protects Aboriginal cultural heritage. Potential impacts of a wind energy facility on Aboriginal cultural values must be considered in the early planning stages of a development.
A selection of web links about wind energy
- Clean Energy Council: www.cleanenergycouncil.org.au
- RenewableUK: www.renewableuk.com
- Danish Wind Industry Association: www.windpower.org/en
- Green Power: www.greenpower.gov.au
- Australian Energy Market Operator: www.aemo.com.au
- Australian Renewable Energy Agency: www.arena.gov.au
- CADDET Renewable Energy: www.caddet-re.org
- Energy Supply Association of Australia: www.esaa.com.au
- Department of the Environment: www.environment.gov.au
- European Wind Energy Association: www.ewea.org
- Renewable Energy Certificates Registry: www.rec-registry.gov.au
- Clean Energy Regulator: www.cleanenergyregulator.gov.au
Useful publications and references
- Guidelines for Renewable Energy Developments - Wind Energy, Energy Efficiency and Conservation Authority, EECA, New Zealand, 1995
- Stakeholder management: A Prerequisite for Successful Wind Farm Development, and Appendix 1: Developer's Guide to Stakeholders in Victoria, Terry Teoh Murdoch University, January 2000
- Best Practice Guidelines for Implementation of Wind Energy Projects in Australia, Clean Energy Council, 2013
- The Victorian Wind Atlas, Sustainable Energy Authority Victoria (now Sustainability Victoria), December 2003
- Wind Farm Industry Policy Statement (Commonwealth Department of Environment) assists wind farm operators to decide if proposed actions require assessment and approval under the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999.
- Draft National Wind Farm Development Guidelines, July 2010 (www.scew.gov.au/resource/future-national-wind-farm-development-guidelines)